Motivating Mental Clicks: A Case Study in the Use of Interdisciplinary Resources for the Successful Implementation of Distance Education Learning in the Advancement of Analogical Thinking

E. Moore Quinn

ABSTRACT

Arguably, the discipline of Ethnic  Studies is, by its very nature, interdisciplinary in theory and  practice.  Focusing  as  it  does  on  sets  of specialized  knowledge  (i.e.,  linguistic, cultural,  historical,  geographical,  etc.)  that seek  to define particular  groups  and/or coteries of individuals as peoples with some semblance  of  shared  experience,  the  Ethnic Studies  field  utilizes  such  disciplines  as history,  literature,  historic  preservation, folklore,  music,  visual  art,  etc.,  not  only  in consideration  of  multiple  perspectives,  but also  in  recognition  that  diverse  theoretical platforms  can  contribute  to  a  richer understanding  and  appreciation  of  specific collective  experiences.  Recognizing  this integrative approach,  this paper presents as a case study a 2010 undergraduate distance education course that focused specifically on the  peoples  of  Ireland.  Anchored  in Anthropology and taught  during  the summer,  the  course  presented  numerous modules  –  revolutionary  history  and  social change;  institutionalization  and  feminist discourse;  musical  traditions  and  diasporic communities;  folklore  usages  and  massive psychic trauma – that drew from a multitude of  disciplines.  Numerous  distance  education tools  were  incorporated  into  the  course platform  for  enabling  students  to  engage  in the auditory,  visual, and interactive  features more commonly associated with face-to-face (FTF)  classroom  learning.  The  outcomes, gauged  by  students’  responses  that addressed positively the worthiness of being exposed  to  the  intra-relationship  approach, suggest  that  the  development  of  analogical thinking,  that  is  to  say,  cross-domain mapping  and  problema-solving  (Dirks  1998) [1],  can  be  advanced  through  the  use  of digital  learning  systems,  especially  if  the content  delivered  is,  in  and  of  itself, interdisciplinary in scope.

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Uniqueness of Optimal Finite Dimensional Flows for Mixing Enhancement

Weijiu Liu

ABSTRACT

The problem of mixing enhancement is considered by tuning finite dimensional flows in an optimal way, which is defined as the linear combination of linearly independent steady flows. Optimal mixing control problem is formulated by using the flow as control variable. Using variational principles, we prove the existence of an optimal flow and derive an optimality system that consist of nonlinear convection-diffusion equations and ordinary differential equations. If the initial concentrations are sufficiently small or the diffusivity is sufficiently large, we prove that the optimal flow is unique, and then synthesize an optimal dynamical state feedback controller following the dynamical programming procedure.      

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Traffic Control System: A Conceptual Framework of Developing an Urban Airport Design Intelligent Parking Guidance System for MM International Airport, Lagos, Nigeria

JO Oluwoye, OO Oluwoye and OA Oluwoye

ABSTRACT

When people complain about traffic congestion in cities, the non-specialist imagines a lot of car drivers, who may be in each others way, but who at least all want to get to a certain destination. There is an increasing interest from motorists to have access to real-time information while en-route to a particular destination, advances in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) has focused on the dissemination of real time information. As central business districts, airports, transit stations, and shopping centers continue to become more crowded during peak times, demand for real-time parking information is increasing. With decreasing parking supply and increasing MMI airport patrons, Federal government of Nigeria needs to beginning to realize the importance of properly allocating available parking. Intelligent Parking Systems (IPS) can provide the positive guidance necessary to help MMI airport patrons find available parking quickly and safely without missing the plane. The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model of parking guidance information system (PGIS). The reality is quite different: Up to 40 percent of car drivers are just cruising around hoping to find a parking space. It should be noted that, looking for parking spaces is a major cause of inner-city traffic especially Lagos. Keeping urban traffic flowing therefore means helping drivers find parking spaces. As experience has shown, the complexity of traffic means that real improvements can only be achieved with carefully harmonized complete solutions taking all factors into account. An Intelligent Parking System could help the Federal government of Nigeria reallocate parking and reduce congestion and illegal parks within the airport and its environment.      

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Real time analysis of spectrum of supply current with utilization of full digital system

Peter DRGONA, Michal FRIVALDSKY, Pavol SPANIK, Jozef SEDO and Jozef KUCHTA

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with construction of device for online, real-time analysis of recuperative current with the use of microprocessor and thus will be representing full digital system for real time analysis. The proposed system should be utilized for railway transport for the measurement of recuperative currents which is being supplied from power converter of traction vehicle. In the first part of paper, the current sensor and digital filter are described. Then the computation algorithm is being presented. Last part of paper shows implementation in microprocessor and experimental verification of proposed solution.     

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Plan-for-Gov[IT] – Planning for Governance of IT Method: use of the Techniques of “Text Retrieval” for mapping the expected support needs from IT Area to serve of the Corporation’s Core-Business expectations

Altino José Mentzingen de MORAES

ABSTRACT

The IT – Information Technology, in accordance with the philosophy of the IT Governance (and also as defined by Authors listed as follows) requires its integration to the process of Strategic Planning of its Corporation, with the intention to align its actions with the Core-Business aiming at to reach the expected results by the IT Area.

The question is how the IT can, under a methodological and direct way, to know how to interpret the expectations expressed by the Strategic Planning (a component of the Corporative Governance), in actions that are addressed to its Area in a practical manner and with an adequate tool kit related to the Frameworks (Models) focused to the implementation of the IT Governance, for posterior creation of the necessary Effectiveness Indicators for monitoring about success level of the actions of IT in alignment with the Business.

The result of this work is the proposal of the Text Retrieval and its subsequent validation (as a plausible resource for actual use to try to help the Governance of IT in its primary task of assisting the Corporation Core-Business), which was named as Plan-for- Gov[IT] – Planning for Governance of IT Method, which can be automated by the use of resources of “word finding” in Word Processors or in another software products with also this purpose.    

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Physical feasibility study system for projects with a view to the decision making process

Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho, Marcelo Franco Porto and Renato Vieira de Almeida

ABSTRACT

This research presents the modeling and implementation of an information system, called a “A Physical Feasibility Study – PFS.” It considers information on the law for land use and occupancy in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The system simulates the PFS construction possibilities and profitability of a given site or region based on the standards and parameters of the land, a fact that directly involves the profitability of the project and the construction companies’ decision-making process. It uses concepts and techniques of Building Information Modeling – BIM to model and simulate the construction possibilities. The PFS responds to questions (research questions) on how to define the short term profitability of a site in order to allow company managers to make the decision to invest or not in the purchase of a particular site. The first part considers the parameters and variables concerning the rules of urban works legislation in the municipality of Belo Horizonte. Next comes the analysis, design and development of the PFS system to simulate the possibility of the civil construction project. The system collects input data on the area, front, zoning, type of use and occupancy of the land and the road classification. These data are processed through consulting tables of parameters that form urban regularization and the law on land use and occupation in a region. The system presents output data on the utilization coefficient, occupancy rate, minimum permeable area, clearances and other parameters that dictate what can be built on the land and the topology of the buildings with all their internal areas and respective uses. It then sets out the possible construction options so that the user may choose the desired option. After this, with the definition of the construction costs, you have the profitability of the land. Cost definition is based on the definition of the standard cost amount per meter squared for construction, considering the standard finishing and real estate value in the region. In 58 seconds, the PFS system presents the parameters with information on what can be constructed and the cost of implanting the project. Finally, in order to validate the research and analysis of system functionality, a feasibility study and tridimensional simulation of 113 sites in the Belvedere neighborhood of Belo Horizonte were performed.    

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Morphological Studies of Bismuth Nanostructures Prepared by Hydrothermal Microwave Heating

Oxana V. Kharissova, Mario Osorio, Boris I. Kharisov and Edgar de Casas Ortiz

ABSTRACT

Elemental bismuth nanoparticles and nanotubes were obtained via microwave hydrothermal synthesis starting from bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) in the range of temperatures 200-220°C for 10-45 min. The formed nanostructures were studied by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM). Relationship between reaction parameters and shape of the formed nanostructures is discussed.

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Increasing Systems-Safety by Meliorating Policy-Processes under Conditions of Ambiguity. Analyzing Interdisciplinary Ascendancies of the German Traffic System by Using Cybernetic Hazard Analyzing Methodologies

René HOSSE, Sven SIKATZKI, Eckehard SCHNIEDER and Nils BANDELOW

ABSTRACT

This paper shows the results of incorporating the MSP (multiple streams perspective) into the cybernetic-based hazard analyzing methodology STAMP (systems-theoretic accident modeling and process) to improve the development-process of policies within socio-technical systems. Understanding policy processes is seen as crucial in improving safety-compliance of policies and thus increase system’s safety. MSP illustrates several obstructions to safety-compliant policy making e.g. due to unclear preferences, time restrictions or manipulation. In contrast the application of cybernetic-based analyzing methodologies shows significant improvement in increasing systems’ safety, because it generates a deeper understanding of hidden processes and feedback-loops within socio-technical systems. STAMP models control structures of systems’ resources, showing the cascaded relationships between interdisciplinary control components, e.g. market actors and policy entrepreneurs. This paper initially focuses on the description of socio-technical systems, MSP and STAMP. Afterwards it focalizes the analogy between MSP and STAMP and subsequently generates a hybrid methodology incorporating MSP into the system’s control structure modeled by STAMP. Furthermore the explanatory power of STAMP-MSP is exemplified by analyzing the German traffic system.   

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Improving Adherence to Complex Medical Regimens through the Integration of Knowledge, Technology and Informatics

Roberto Badaro, Camille Cruz, Rosa Garcia, EliahAronoff-Spencer, Hyeoneui Kim,  Sara Browne and Robert T. Schooley

ABSTRACT

About 33.3 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2009. Over the past several years a significant investment in the scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has contributed to both a reduction in AIDS-related morbidity and mortality and in a decline in new HIV infection. A total of 5.2 million people in low- and middle-income countries now receive antiretroviral therapy. Within several months of initiating ART most patients become asymptomatic and then must closely adhere to unforgiving drug regimens for life. Incomplete adherence to ART regimens results in treatment failure, the emergence of drug resistance and the transmission of drug resistant virus to uninfected individuals. This requirement for lifelong regimen adherence has proven to be the Achilles’ heel of antiretroviral therapy. Advances in the capability and affordability of mobile technologies present a new perspective on this paradigm. Combined with human and computer networks, mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets bring patients and providers together in previously impossible ways and may present real and lastingremedies for patient outreach and communication. In order to integrate the three major components of adherence: Information, Motivation and Behavioral Modification, we are developing open source pictographic software enabled for web and mobile platforms. We will use these tools to study ART adherence and motivation in low-literacy patients with the goal of enhancing patient comprehension and health. Cybernetic technologies utilizing mobile computing and pictogram interfaces can serve to communicate highly tailored information, evaluate regimen-specific knowledge and assess motivation and behavioral skills of patients requiring therapy. We expect this workshop will bring together all of the requisite expertise in informatics and cybernetics required to develop powerful computerized tools to ensure ART treatment success at the level of both individual patients and the population at large.

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Experience from using the HYNI automated hydrostatic measuring system for monitoring movement at the 1000 MW Temelín nuclear power station in the Czech Republic

Ing. Jiří Lechner and Michal Lodin

INTRODUCTION

The issue of monitoring shifts (vertical deformation) of buildings is addressed by Czech technical standards CSN 73 0405 on “Measuring Shifts of Construction Objects” and “CSN 73 1001 Building Foundations, Foundation Soil under Areal Foundations”. These standards describe measurements of location and shape (shift and deformation) of buildings and their parts relative to the position and shape in the initial stage of measurement caused by changes in the foundation soil material under the object, or in its vicinity due to construction or other activity, the effect of static, dynamic or seismic strain or other factors. The CSN 73 0405 standard deals with all building types, for which specific legislation does not apply. It does not apply to measurements done:

1. during load tests of building constructions,

2. for land subsidence and landslides,

3. for deviations of geometric parameters of actual completion of buildings during construction which are determined during the inspection accuracy by other CSN standards.   

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